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John F. Votaw, Sr.

Company:

I-1

Date of Birth:

May 9, 1939

Spouse:

Joyce Marie (nee Miller)

Married On:

June 8, 1961 at the Cadet Chapel

Children:

Laura (1962)

Cindy (1964)

Mary (1969)

John Jr. (1973)

Grandchildren:

Ashley & CJ (Charles J.) (Laura)

Matthew & Chrysta (Cindy)

Jessica, Samantha & Amanda (Mary)

Olivia Ayumi (John Jr.)

Address:

603 E Illinois Street
Wheaton, IL 60187-5558

Phone:

(630) 260-9937

E-mail:

Allons667@bigfoot.com     

Vita:

JOHN F. VOTAW, Sr. is the Executive Director Emeritus, Cantigny First Division Foundation, Wheaton, Illinois.  Lieutenant Colonel (U.S. Army, Retired) Votaw, a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy (1961), commanded U.S. Army cavalry and armored units through the battalion level and served in Vietnam in 1966-67.  He completed graduate studies in history at the University of California, Davis (MA, 1969) and Temple University (Ph.D., 1991).  He is currently Adjunct Professor of History at Dominican University, River Forest, Illinois and a member of the Society for Military History.  John and Joyce Votaw are the parents of four children and the grandparents of eight.  They make their home in Wheaton, Illinois.

Dr. Votaw directed the First Division Museum at Cantigny and the collocated Colonel Robert R. McCormick Research Center from 1986 to 2005.  He was the general editor of the Cantigny Military History Series of books dealing with American military history and events related to the history of the 1st Infantry Division of the US Army.  As the Historian for the Society of the 1st Infantry Division, Dr. Votaw supervised the publication of the Society newspaper, The Bridgehead Sentinel, and advised the historical activities of the Society.  He retired at the end of 2005 and currently consults on military museum projects and occasionally writes for publication on military subjects.  Dr. Votaw is the author of The American Expeditionary Forces in World War I (Osprey Publishing, 2005), a chapter in Beyond Combat: Essays in Military History in Honor of Russell F. Weigley (edited by Edward G. Longacre and Theodore J. Zeman, published by the American Philosophical Society, 2007), a chapter in Unknown Soldiers: The American Expeditionary Forces in Memory and Remembrance (edited by Mark A. Snell, published by Kent State University Press, 2008) and is writing a history of the First Division of the AEF in World War I for the University of Oklahoma Press. 

Professor Votaw team teaches a course in the American Civil War at Dominican University and is a senior instructor in the Norwich School of Graduate and Continuing Studies.

 


John at CW Kennesaw Mtn.


John at Verdun, Ossuary

 

                                            

 

JOHN FREDERICK VOTAW

Lt. Colonel, U.S. Army, Retired

 

PERSONAL DATA.

Current Position (since 2005): Executive Director Emeritus, Cantigny First Division Foundation; independent scholar/historian. 

Family: Joyce M. [nee Miller] Votaw, spouse; four children; eight grandchildren

Education: Ph.D. in history, Temple University (1991); MA in history, University of California, Davis (1969); BS, US Military Academy [hereafter USMA] (1961)

Military Education: US Army War College (1985); US Army Command & General Staff College (1970); US Army Infantry School [Infantry Officer Career Course] (1966); US Army Ranger School (1962); US Army Airborne School (1962); US Army Armor School [Armor Officer Basic Course] (1961)

 OTHER ASSIGNMENTS.

2009 to present:  Adjunct Professor of History, Dominican University [formerly Rosary College], River Forest, IL

2009 to present: Master of Military History [MMH] Curriculum and Advisory Committee, School of Graduate Studies, Norwich University, Northfield, VT.

2008 to present: Senior Instructor, Master of Arts in Military History program, School of Graduate Studies (Virtual Campus), Norwich University, Northfield, VT. 

 2005 to 2008:  Instructor, Master of Arts in Military History program, School of Graduate Studies (Virtual Campus), Norwich University, Northfield, VT (lead instructor 2006-2007).

 2005 to present:  Self-employed teacher, writer of history, museum consultant and history tours study leader

 1986 to 2005:  Executive Director, Cantigny First Division Foundation, First Division Museum at Cantigny & Col. Robert R. McCormick Research Center, Wheaton, IL

2001 to 2009:  Trustee, Society for Military History.

 1998 to 2009: Adjunct Associate Professor of History, Dominican University [formerly  Rosary College], River Forest, IL

 1997 to 2005: Historian, Society of the 1st Infantry Division.

1996 to present:  Member, Advisory Committee, Center for the Study of Force and Diplomacy, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 1994 to 2005:  General Editor, Cantigny Military History Series; an in-progress group of monographs and books dealing with the military history of the US Army and its 1st Infantry Division.

1991 to 1998: Adjunct Assistant Professor of History, Dominican University [formerly Rosary College], River Forest, IL

 1990: Guest Instructor, History 310 (Public History), Wheaton College, Wheaton, IL

 1983-1986: Deputy Director, US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, PA

 1982-1983: Strategist, Department of War Gaming, US Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA

1981-1982: Asst. Professor of History, Department of History, USMA, West Point, NY

 1980-1981: Asst. Dean for Academic Planning and Programs, USMA, West Point, NY

 1979-1980: Special Assistant to the Dean for Accreditation, USMA, West Point, NY

1978-1979: Asst. Professor of History, Department of History, USMA, West Point, NY

1977-1978: Commander, US Army District Recruiting Command, Milwaukee, WI

1975-1977: Commander, Command & Control Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, Fulda, West Germany

1973-1975: Operations Officer, then Executive Officer, 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, Bad Kissingen, West Germany

 1970-1973: Asst. Professor of History, Department of History, USMA, West Point, NY

1966-1967: Intelligence Staff Officer, then Commander, Troop A, both in 1st Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, Republic of South Vietnam

 1964-1965: Commander, Company C, 1st Battalion, 69th Armor, 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

1962-1964: Platoon Leader, Troop B, then Personnel Staff Officer/Adjutant, both in 3d Squadron, 4th Cavalry, 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

 FOREIGN LANGUAGE SKILLS.  Reads and speaks (not fluently) Portuguese; reads German and some French

 PUBLICATIONS, PRESENTATIONS  & CONFERENCE PAPERS.

 “The Gettysburg Campaign,” an eleven-week graduate course in preparation for the Master of Arts in Military History program, School of Graduate Studies, Norwich University, Northfield, VT.

Review of The Question of MacArthur’s Reputation: Côte de Châtillon, October 14-16, 1918 by Robert H. Ferrell (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2008) for the Journal of Military History, 73, no. 3 (July 2009), 978-79. 

Study leader for a National Geographic Society Expedition tour of the UK and Normandy beaches, 31 May—8 June 2009.

“Robert Rutherford McCormick: Journalist, Citizen-Soldier and Country Gentleman,” a chapter in Unknown Soldiers: The American Expeditionary Forces in Memory & Remembrance, edited by Mark A. Snell.  Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2008.

 “The Ambassador’s Troops: U.S. Military Attachés and Military Intelligence, 1885-1920,” a chapter in a book in honor of the late Professor Russell F. Weigley, edited by Dr. Edward Longacre and Dr. Theodore Zeman.  Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2007.

 Lecture, “The Meuse-Argonne Campaign of 1918: The Great Franco-American Offensive To End The War,” presented to the public at the Veterans Memorial Hall, Rockford, IL, 21 October 2006.

“The Services of Supply in the AEF in World War I,” a book-length manuscript in development, October 2006.

Study leader for a National Geographic Society Expedition tour of the UK and Normandy beaches, 16-24 September 2006. 

The American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.  Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2005. [ISBN: 1-84176-622-4, paperback]

The Encyclopedia Of World War I, 5 vols. Ed. by Spencer C. Tucker (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2005), author of eleven articles. 

The Encyclopedia Of World War II, 5 vols. Ed. by Spencer C. Tucker (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2005), author of six articles.

Review of Trench Knives and Mustard Gas: With the 42nd Rainbow Division in France by Hugh S. Thompson, edited with an introduction by Robert H. Ferrell (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2004) for the Journal of Military History, 69, no. 2 (April 2005), 588-89.

Commanding the 1st Division in World War I: Commanders, Leaders and Technicians in Battle at Cantigny and Soissons, May and July 1918, a working title for a book in the Campaigns and Commanders series by the University of Oklahoma Press, edited by Gregory Urwin of Temple University.  Contract, 23 Nov. 2005.

A Century Of Valor: The First 100 Years of the 28th U.S. Infantry Regiment—Black Lions by Col. Stephen L. Bowman, USA (Ret.) for The 28th Infantry Regiment Association, a book in the Cantigny Military History Series, series editor and preface.  Wheaton, IL: Cantigny First Division Foundation, 2004. [ISBN: 1-890093-14-9] 

Encyclopedia of U.S. Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker for Facts on File, 3 vols., 2003, author of ten essays.

The Beast Was Out There: The 28th Infantry Black Lions and the Battle of Ông Thanh, Vietnam, October 1967 by Brigadier General (U.S. Army, Retired) James E. Shelton with a foreword by David Maraniss.  A book in the Cantigny Military History Series, series editor and preface.  Wheaton, IL: Cantigny First Division Foundation, 2002. [ISBN: 1-890093-12-2, paperback].  Military History Book Club edition, 2003.

 International Studies Association national meeting, Portland, OR, Wednesday, 26 February 2003.  Panelist for session critique of Thomas Mahnken’s book, Uncovering Ways of War

Decision in Europe: How the Allies Won the War, a talk to history classes at Wheaton College on 8 April and Northwestern University on 9 April, 2003. 

Ne Tirez Pas!  The Big Red One: Operation TORCH and Beyond, a talk to the Harold Deutsch WW2 Roundtable, Ft. Snelling, MN, 10 April 2003.

 Over There!  The American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.  Study Leader for a tour of American WW1 battlefields in France, Smithsonian Institution Associates, 18-27 Sept. 2001.  Another iteration for the National Geographic Society’s Expeditions program, 5-14 May 2003.

Brief appearances in the film “The Big Red One,” an episode in War Stories by Oliver North, a 50 minute program by Fox News Network, produced by Gregory M. Johnson, 2003. 

History In Dispute, Volume 5 (World War II, 1943-1945).  Author of two essays in this volume edited by Dennis Showalter.  Detroit: St. James Press (Gale), 2000. [ISBN:

1-55862-411-2] 

“When Johnny Came Marching Home: The First Division Redeploys and Reorganizes after World War I,” a presentation to the Western Front Association meeting at the Citadel, Charleston, SC, 3 Feb. 2001.

 In The Wake of the Storm: Gulf Commanders Discuss Desert Storm, a book in the Cantigny Military History Series, series editor and foreword.  Wheaton: IL, Cantigny First Division Foundation, 2000. [ISBN: 1-890093-10-6]

 “Don’t Get Caught!  American Military Attachés as Intelligence Operatives,” a paper prepared for the Northern Great Plains History Conference, Mankato, MN, 28 Sept. 2000.

 “Take Aim, Fire!  Marksmanship in the First Division in France, 1917-1918,” a paper prepared for the Western Front Association—Tennessee-Kentucky Chapter, Pall Mall, TN, 5 Nov. 2000.

 “World War I in the Midwest,” an article prepared for The Encyclopedia of the Midwest, a forthcoming publication.

 Blood and Sacrifice: The History of the 16th Infantry Regiment from the Civil War through the Gulf War by Steven E. Clay, a book in the Cantigny Military History Series, series editor and foreword.  Wheaton, IL: Cantigny First Division Foundation, 2001. [ISBN: 1-890093-11-4]

Preparing the Big Red One for Battle: The Crucible of Cantigny, 28-31 May 1918, RELEVANCE, the Quarterly Journal of the Great War Society, Vol. 9, No. 2 (spring 2000), 13-16.

“Leadership, Training and Cohesion: The First Division in World War I,” an address to cadets and faculty at The Citadel, 10 November 1999.

            “Adoration and Forgetfulness,” remarks on Veterans Day 1999 at the dedication of the National D-Day Memorial Foundation, Bedford, Virginia, 11 November 1999.

Review of William Dudley, ed., The Vietnam War: Opposing Viewpoints (San Diego: Greenhaven, 1998) for TEACHING HISTORY: A Journal of Methods, volume 24, number 2, Fall 1999, pp. 101-102.

“Thomas Bentley Mott: America’s Most Experienced Military Attaché,” an article in     preparation for a future issue of MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military  History.

“Preparing The Big Red One For Battle: The Crucible of Cantigny, 28-31 May 1918,”  and “Rolling Back The German Tide At Soissons: The Reduction of the Aisne-Marne Salient, July-August 1918” [with Douglas V. Johnson II], two papers presented at the Great War Society’s annual seminar, San Antonio, TX, 20-23 May 1999.

 “At Omaha Beach With Force ‘O’,” a presentation to The Dr. Harold C. Deutsch World War II History Roundtable, 6 May 1999, St. Paul, MN.  Part of a panel presentation to a group of 500 members of a WWII history interest group.

 Review of Dwight W. Birdwell and Keith Nolan's A Hundred Miles Of Bad Road: An Armored Cavalryman in Vietnam 1967-68 (Novato: Presidio Press, 1997) for Vietnam magazine, August 1999, 56-58.

 Review of Jerry W. Jones, U.S. Battleship Operations in World War I (Annapolis: US Naval Institute Press, 1998), for The American Neptune, 60, no. 1 (2000), 92-94.

 Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social, And Military History, ed. Spencer C. Tucker.  3 vols.  Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 1998.  ISBN:  0-847436-983-5.  Contributing author of ten essays.

Brief appearances in a historical film, The True Story of the Big Red One, 2 hours, produced by Greystone Communications, Inc. for the History Channel, Aug-Sep 1998.

The Greatest Thing We Have Ever Attempted: Historical Perspectives on the Normandy Campaign, series editor and foreword.  Wheaton, IL: The Cantigny First Division Foundation, 1998.  [ISBN: 1-890093-06-8]

"You Can Go Back," a selection by John Votaw from Peter L. Walter, ed., The      Blackhorse Regiment in Vietnam 1966-1972 (Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1997), 239-42.

Brief appearances in three historical videos produced by Lou Reda Productions     (Allentown, PA) for the History Channel [Airborne Warfare: Death from Above; Rommel: The Last Knight; World War I: The Death of Glory], all 1997.

Review of Brian M. Sobel's, The Fighting Pattons (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997) for Vietnam magazine [submitted Sep 98].

 "Reporting The War: The AEF as Witnessed by War Correspondents in France, 1917-  1918.”  a paper presented to the Western Front Association  meeting in Dayton, OH, 17 October 1997.

 

Review of B. Franklin Cooling’s Monocacy: The Battle That Saved Washington.    Shippensburg: White Mane, 1997 for the on-line H-NET Review Project, 15 October       1997.

 Blue Spaders: The 26th Infantry Regiment, 1917-1967, series editor and foreword.  Wheaton, IL: The Cantigny First Division Foundation, 1997.  [ISBN 1-890093-00-9]

A Weekend With The Great War: Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Great War       Interconference Seminar, Lisle, Illinois, 16-18 September 1994, series editor and foreword.  Wheaton, IL & Shippensburg, PA: The Cantigny First Division Foundation & The White Mane Publishing Co., Inc., 1997. [ISBN 1-57249-062-4; 1-57249-0683(pbk.)]

 Introductory chapter for a revised edition of A Guide to the Study and Use of Military History, ed. by Anne Cipriano Venzon,  a text for American Military University students, project suspended.

 The European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia, ed. Spencer C. Tucker.  Contributing author of four essays in Garland publication, 1996.

"The Ambassador's Troops: US Army and Naval Officers on Attaché Duty in the Formative Period, 1873-1921."  A paper presented at the 63d Society for Military History meeting in Washington, DC, 21 April 1996.

“Old Battlefields and Their Lessons: The Case of Antietam,” in TEACHING HISTORY:  A Journal of Methods," vol. 21, no. 1 (spring 1996), 16-21.

Review of The Journals of Josiah Gorgas 1857-1878, ed. Sarah Woolfolk Wiggins (Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1995), 27 March 1996, on-line H-Net Review Project.

 The Ambassador’s Troops: American Military & Naval Attachés, 1882-1921.

Working title for a book in preparation.   “The Meaning of the Second World War,” an address to the Dining Out of Pershing Rifles Company O-3, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, 17 Nov. 1999.

No Mission Too Difficult: Old Buddies Of The 1st Division Tell All About World War II, series editor & preface.  Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1995 [ISBN 0-8092-3259-6].

 “The Ambassador’s Troops: U.S. Army Officers on Attaché Duty 1918-1919,” a paper presented to the Great War Society, 30 Sept. 1995, Bethesda, MD.

Review of Ruth Henig, The Origins of the First World War, 2d ed. & V.R. Berghahn,

Germany and the Approach of War in 1914, 2d ed. in TEACHING HISTORY: A Journal of Methods, Vol. 20, No. 1 (spring 1995), 51-52.

 The United States in the First World War: An Encyclopedia, ed. Anne Cipriano Venzon.

Contributing author of ten essays in Garland publication, 1994.

Cantigny at Seventy-Five: A Professional Discussion, May 28-29, 1993, series general editor & introduction, 1994.

 Review of Gerhard L. Weinberg, A World at Arms: A Global History of World War II in US Naval Institute Proceedings, 120/8/1,098 (August 1994): 85-86.

“The Military Museum As Classroom,” in TEACHING HISTORY, Vol. 19, No. 2 (fall 1994): 65-70.

 “Direct, Rapid-fire Weapons on the World War I Battlefield,” a paper presented at the US Naval Institute Conference on World War I, 27 August 1993, Wheaton, IL.

The D-Day Encyclopedia, eds. David G. Chandler & Brig.Gen.(Ret.) James L. Collins.

Contributing author of several short articles in fall 1993 book by Simon & Schuster.  “Carrying The Torch Ashore: The 1st Infantry Division Lands At Oran, Algeria, November 8, 1942,” a paper read at the Northern Great Plains History Conference, Fargo, ND, October 1, 1992.

 “United States Military Attachés, 1885-1919: The American Army Matures In The International Arena,” unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Temple University, April 1991.

 “The War with Spain and a Changing Army: American Military Attachés in the Americas, 1898-1917,” a paper read at the Northern Great Plains History Conference, Grand Forks, ND, October 5, 1990. 

“’And They Thought We Wouldn’t Fight’: Training the First Division for the World War, Expectations and Reality,” a paper read at the Missouri Valley History Conference, Omaha, NB, March 10, 1990. 

“American Military Attachés Before the Great War,” a paper read at the Northern Great Plains History Conference, Eveleth, MN, September 24, 1988.

 “Allen, Mott and Pershing: Three Early Military Attachés,” a paper read at the Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations (SHAFR) Conference, American University, Washington, DC, June 11, 1988.

 Ancient and Medieval Warfare, co-author.  A volume in the West Point Military History Series, Thomas E. Griess, gen. ed.  Wayne, NJ: Avery Publishing Group, Inc., 1984.

 “An Approach to the Study of Military History,” a chapter in A Guide to the Study and Use of Military History.  Washington, DC: US Army Center of Military History, 1979.

 Reference Material for the Course in the History of the Military Art, 2 vols. editor.West Point, NY: Department of History, US Military Academy, 1977-78.

 Articles and book reviews in The Marine Corps Gazette, American Neptune, ASSEMBLY, ARMOR, The Western Historical Quarterly, Military Review, Air University Review, Naval Institute Proceedings, Relevance and TEACHING HISTORY.

 CLASSROOM COURSES DEVELOPED.

 Dominican University:

            “War on Two Fronts: Combat in Viêtnam and Upheaval at Home” [History 452]

            “Inventing Victory: The United States in World War II” [History 451]

            “The Military in the United States: Strategy, Policy & Institutions, 1845-1975” [History 453]

            “The American Civil War” (with Dr. Allen Salzman) [History 440]

            “America’s Great War, 1916-1920” [History 379]

            “The U.S. to 1877” [History 143]

University of Maryland, overseas:

            “Colonial and Revolutionary America”

Norwich University:

            “Gettysburg” an on-line course of 10 weeks with a field trip conclusion (2010)

 ORGANIZATIONS & SOCIETIES.

 PHI KAPPA PHI (life member); PHI ALPHA THETA, Iota-Tau Chapter, Dominican     

University; University of California, Davis, Alumni Association (life member);       Association of Graduates, US Military Academy; US Army War College Alumni

Association (life member); the Military Officers Association of America, formerly the      

Retired Officers Association (life member); American Historical Association; Organization of American Historians; The Society for Military History (trustee 2007-2009, member); American Association of Museums; Kiwanis Club of Wheaton, IL (past president, secretary); US Naval Institute (life member); the Blackhorse Association (charter member); 11th Armored Cavalry’s Veterans of Vietnam and Cambodia (life member); AMVETS (life member); The American Legion (life member; past commander, Post 556); Disabled American Veterans (life member); listed in Who’s Who in American Education, 5th and 8th  eds., Who's Who in America, 51st-55th eds., and Who's Who in the World, 14th ed.                 

 

[updated  30 March 2011]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last update:
7/29/2011